|NAME Edward BARRON||Name variations: Barran|
|Birth Date and Place||10 Dec 1793 London [Westminster Archives p.115 – sic? see in sidebar].|
|Baptism Date and Place||14 Jan 1796 St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, London [Westminster Archives p.115].|
|Marriage Date and Place||27 Nov 1819 St Mary, Carlisle, Cumberland [FSLDS 252813].|
|Spouse||Jane PEARSON [FSLDS 252813].|
|Children||Jane b. 1824 Outside Australia [ERIC p.144 – not verified].
Elizabeth Matilda b. 1825 Outside Australia [ditto].
Mary Ann b.1828 Outside Australia [ditto].
Edward George b. 1829 Perth, Western Australia [ditto].
Edward b. 1831 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-85].
John b. 1833 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-86].
Ellen b. 1835 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-101].
William George b. 1838 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-111].
Robert Charles b. 1839 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-118].
Charles b. 1840 Perth, Western Australia [ERIC p.144 – not verified].
Thomas b. 1841 Perth, Western Australia [FSLDS 7720553-125].
|Occupations||Publican, Victualler, Yeoman, Dairyman, Builder, Landlord, Government Contractor for mail delivery and firewood [FSLDS 7720553 & TROVE].|
|Land Acquisition in WA||1832 Perth Lots V1 to V4 & Q14 – Grants. Sold Q14 in Apr 1848 [WASRO Cons 3868-319-141].
1832 Stone’s Lake (now Perth Oval), 26 acres – Grant [WASRO Cons 3868-316-18Y].
Click here for Plan.
1836 Avon River 400 acres [STAT p.15].
|Death Date and Place||23 Feb 1863 Perth, Western Australia [EPCEM].|
|Burial Date and Place||February 1863 East Perth Cemetery, Western Australia [EPCEM].|
|Death, Funeral, Obituary Notices|
|Will and Probate||None.|
|Regiment||13th (1st Somersetshire) Regiment. 25 Mar 1818 transferred to
63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment [WO12-7255].
|Soldier No. and Rank||#101 Colour Sergeant [DENN p.24].|
|Attestation Date and Place||8 Jul 1817 [Wikipedia – not verified].|
|Arrival Western Australia: Ship and Date||Sulphur 8 Jun 1829 from Spithead, England [TROVE].|
|Military Postings within Western Australia||Murray River Aug to Nov 1830. On Command Dec 1830 [WO12-7263].
Further research into Muster Rolls and Pay Lists is required. Please regularly check Update Page for amendments.
|Discharge Date and Place||1834 Perth, Western Australia [STAT p.15].|
|Age at Discharge||c. 41 or 46 years.|
|Length of Service||c. 17 years – not verified.|
Records of Barron’s Army career are not available, thus detail of his life prior to arrival in Western Australia is limited. Nonetheless, a fellow-researcher was able to determine from the Adjutants Monthly Muster for Depot Company, that Edward first enlisted for 13th Regiment and transferred to the 63rd. He was one of a party of 13th Regiment men detached on the Isle of Wight while the 63rd Depot Company was stationed at Albany Barracks. His height was given as 5 ft. 11 ins. (tall for his era) [TNA Kew via Sally Kenton].
As Edward and Jane were married in 1819 and came to Western Australia with three daughters born between 1825 and 1828, it is possible other children were born prior to Jane (1824) who either died as infants or came to WA later. This fact may account for the numbers in the ‘family’ at the time of the 1837 Census not matching what we know of the family at this time. However the census does record that the Barron household’s property comprised 4½ acres – gardens, 2 horses and 14 horned cattle; this, we can assume, related to the Perth Lots on Murray Street [WACEN1837 pp.58-59].
Some historians have claimed that Edward George b. 1829 was the first white child born in the Colony. I have not been able to verify his birthdate from early baptisms recorded by J B Wittenoom, Chaplain, St George’s Church [FSLDS 7720553-75]. Similarly, at least two women stepped ashore onto Western Australian soil before Jane Barron, wife of Edward. They were Ann and Sarah Wood(s), wives of the convict overseers at Frederickstown (Albany). They left Sydney in May 1827 aboard Amity to join their husbands – brothers William and Thomas Wood(s) [SWEE p.2]. Nonetheless, Jane Barron may well have deserved the honour of being the first white woman to step on the soil of the Swan River Colony.
Edward Barron may be regarded as one of the Colony’s first entrepreneurs. While still a serving soldier with his regiment, he was involved in the management of some of the Colony’s earliest hotels: the Wheat Sheaf Tavern and the Criterion [TUCK pp.73-75]. But it was Jane who held the liquour licences (see sidebar) and probably attended to the day to day activities of these establishments. She also ran the first Dairy in the Colony [STAT p.15]. This ‘moonlighting’ by at least one soldier of the 63rd caused some consternation in the small community of settlers (or perhaps by the competition!). This letter (in part) from an officer of the 63rd, defended the conventions surrounding the right for family members of soldiers to conduct business: “You will oblige me by inserting the following reply to a letter, which appeared in your last Number, calling on one of the Officers of the 63rd Regiment to explain why Privates of that Corps are permitted to trade. The Soldiers of the 63rd Regiment stationed here, are strictly prohibited from trading; and in order to prevent their wives, when so engaged, from having any advantage over trading Settlers, they have been required from the commencement of the present year, either to give up traffic, or to relinquish the rations allowed them and their children. Those who have chosen the latter alternative are no longer under Military control; and are consequently as free as any class of Settlers, to follow what pursuit they please. None but married Soldiers are permitted here to live out of Barracks, and this only during good behaviour; an indulgence granted them at home, and in other Colonies. etc. etc.” [Letter to the Editor of Perth Gazette 19 Jan 1833].
The publican’s lot was not always plain sailing, however, as can be seen from the newspaper story in February 1835 (see sidebar).
In July 1834 Edward Barron, then discharged from the Army, he and 19-year old Private Hugh Nesbit of 21st Regiment were attacked by natives. Nesbit was killed and Barron wounded. Click here for details.