First Maori War
The 96th (Manchester) Regiment – ‘The Bendovers’ – first sent a detachment to New Zealand in 1843. During the New Zealand Wars, most of the 2nd Battalion served in New Zealand between 1845 and 1847 under the command of Lieutenant Colonel William Hulme. On 11 March 1845 the 96th Regiment played a significant role in the defence of the Bay of Islands township of Russell, then known as Kororāreka. Some survivors were awarded medals, and the deceased were memorialised by this plaque (left).
The Rolls for the New Zealand Medal 1845-1866 awarded the 96th Regiment engaged in the First 1845-47 Maori War should appear on the National Archive War Office classification WO100-18, however the roll for the 96th seems not to have survived.
This fact appears as a note on the Northeast Medals website. It is also noted that the reverse of the medal was undated and that the number awarded was estimated at 27, of which only three medals have survived.
William Spencer’s book Medals: The Researcher’s Guide p.66 mentions the regiments recorded in WO100-18 but does not list 96th Regiment, nor that the roll for this regiment did not survive.
Major L L Gordon in British Battles and Medals (Fifth edition) p.173 acknowledges the undated medals awarded to various units with the words ‘and a few to 96 (for 1844-6) (25) and 99 (101) Foot.’
A Nominal Roll of three officers and 24 NCOs and Other Ranks (27 in total) can be found on the AJCP (Australian Joint Copying Project) series M2080, D1/A/8 in microfiche and digitised online format. These are the men who were awarded the undated medal. None of them served in the Swan River Colony detachment of the 96th Regiment from February 1847 to May 1849: Captain William A Eyton, Ensigns C O Eardley-Wilmot and C E Wilmott, Sergeant William Scarrow, Corporal William Parker, Privates Robert Baalam, Henry Barnes, Henry Beighton, John Blake, William Blyth, George Dobie, John Foster, John Gill, James Grace, George Hudson, Edward Killington, John Moy, Joseph/John Myers, John Nuttall, William Quantrill, William Short, William Skipper, Richard Smith, Francis Squire, John Stuart/Stewart, Thomas Welton and Thomas Wiggelesworth.
The 96th (Manchester) Regiment received Battle Honours for New Zealand.
The New Zealand Medal
Awarded in 1869 to the survivors who fought in the Maori Wars. Army and Navy personnel received the award as well as local militia troops. Both campaigns were the result of Maori resistance to the continuing encroachment of settlers on their lands.
Description: Sterling silver 36mm diameter. The suspension ornamented with New Zealand fern fronds. Obverse: the veiled head of Queen Victoria. Reverse: Date of service in a wreath, with NEW ZEALAND round the top and VIRTUTIS HONOR (honour of valour) round the foot. This example (left) is the undated medal awarded for the First Maori War.
Clasps or Bars: None.
Naming: The medal was almost always impressed in Roman capitals when awarded to Army and Navy personnel, although some awards to local militia are found engraved.
Ribbon: Blue with central orange stripe.
Research and Publishing Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage.
Musters & Pay Lists 96th Regiment WO12-9617 & 9618, AJCP Reel 9893/94 [National Archives, Kew; National Library of Australia].
Australian Joint Copying Project, series M2080, D1/A/8 [National Library of Australia].
Northeast Medals: https://www.northeastmedals.co.uk/british_regiment/main/reg_index.htm
Medals: The Researcher’s Guide, William Spencer, The National Archives, Kew, 2008.
British Battles and Medals, Major L L Gordon, Fifth Edition, Spink & Son Ltd., London 1979.
Illustration of Hōne Heke removing the British ensign from Flagstaff Hill, David Arthur McCormick [Wikipedia].
Diane Oldman June 2020