HOGAN Malachi

In 1678, Charles Erskine, Earl of Mar, raised the regiment to help put down unrest within the Presbyterian (Covenanter) Scots churchmen. In 1688, as a fusilier regiment, it moved from the Scottish to the English establishment and was named for its various Colonel’s names. In 1707 the regiment was named the North British Fuzileers, not popular within the Regiment since it was bestowed in honour of the Union of England and Scotland.

The regiment maintained its ‘North British’ name in various forms throughout the 18th and early 19th century, fighting against the Jacobite rebellion including Culloden; engaging in the Seven Years War, the American War of Independence and the Napoleonic Wars.

The 21st (Royal North British Fuzileers) Regiment first arrived in Australia in 1832 to 1833 as guards on board convict ships to New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land. The regiment’s HQ was established in Hobart but soon a detachment was sent to the Swan River Colony to relieve the 63rd Regiment’s detachment which had arrived with Captain James Stirling some four years earlier. Most of the troops arrived on Jane in September 1833, but others arrived on Caroline (February 1835) and Sir John Rae Reid (July 1835). Most left the Colony on Runnymede in July 1840 to serve in India.

The troops of the 21st Regiment detachment bore the brunt of the clash of cultures between the settlers and the aborigines. Two corporals and eight privates were thought to have been present at the Battle of Pinjarra; three troops were killed by natives in other incidents in Beverley, Murray River and Upper Swan.

A total of 152 officers and men served in Western Australia between 1833 and 1840 and 21 of them took their discharge and settled there. One of them was this man featured on the right. Nineteen troops died while serving in the Colony.

It was not until 1877 that the regiment received a title befitting its origins when it became the 21st (Royal Scots Fusliers) Regiment of Foot.

The Colours of the 21st Regiment
NAME Malachi HOGANName variations: Malachai, Malachy, Malichi, Malichie, Michael
Birth Date and Placeb.1805 – deduced [WABDM Reg.#6638].
Baptism Date and Place
Marriage Date and Place
SpouseElizabeth HANNAPHY/HANNOPHY/HANOPHY [BISA & various birth registrations below].
ChildrenMaria Regina b.1855 Perth, Western Australia [WABDM Reg.#2764].
Albert b. 1857 Adelaide, South Australia [SABDM Reg.#11/11].
Alece/Alice b.1859 Adelaide, South Australia [SABDM Reg.#15/15].
Elizabeth b.1861 Adelaide [SABDM Reg.#20/60].
OccupationsServant (1843 York) [see Additional details below].
Shepherd (1847 Toodyay) [STAT p.162].
Land Acquisition in WAAvon District Loc. 103, April 1845, 25 Acres [Perth Gazette 26 Apr 1845].
To be Auctioned 21 April 1853, 25 acres, ‘Malachi Hogan’s Grant’ [Perth Gazette 1 Apr 1853].
Death Date and Place26 Jun 1873 Bunbury, Western Australia [WABDM Reg. #6638/73].
Burial Date and PlaceJune 1873 Bunbury Old Roman Catholic Cemetery [Oz Burials].
Death, Funeral, Obituary NoticesNone.
Will and ProbateNone.
Regiment21st (Royal North British Fuzileers) Regiment.
Soldier No. and Rank#391 Private.
Enlistment Date and Place
Medals, Clasps and BadgesNone.
Arrival Australia: Ship and DateEnchantress. Embarked Deptford, London 18 Mar 1833.
Dep. Portsmouth18 Apr; arr. Hobart 31 Jul 1833.
Arrival Western Australia: Ship and DateJane 9 Sep 1833 from Hobart [TROVE].
Military Postings within Western AustraliaKing Georges Sound 9 Sep to 31 Dec 1833.
On Detachment, location unknown 1 Jan to 30 Nov 1834.  Perth HQ 1 Dec to 31 Dec 1834.
On Detachment, location unknown 1 Jan 1835 to 30 Sep 1837.
Kojonup 1 Oct 1837 to 28 Feb 1838.
Williams 1 Mar to 31 Aug 1838.  Perth HQ 1 Sep to 31 Oct 1838.
Pinjarrah 1 Nov 1838 to 31 Mar 1839. Mandurup 1 to 30 Apr 1839.
Pinjarrah 1 May 1839 to 31 Mar 1840.
Perth HQ 1 Apr to 31 Jul 1840.
[All sourced WO12-3802 TO 3809].
Courts Martial in Western AustraliaNone.
Discharge Date and Place31 Jul 1840 Perth, Western Australia [WO12-3809-64].
Pension AmountSix months pension at 6d. per diem [WO28-266-44].
Age at Dischargec. 35 years – deduced.
Length of Service


Malachi Hogan brought a charge of assault and battery and recovery of wages against his employers Landor and Knight.  The charge was to be heard in the York Magistrates Court in January 1848.  An account of the proceedings was published in the Perth Gazette and West Australian Journal dated 28th January 1843 as a letter to the Editor received from W N Clark, a solicitor and notary public of York.  It seems that trial by media is nothing new as the Perth Gazette and Inquirer published further ‘news’ and the trading of insults on this matter on 1st February (Inquirer), 11th February (Perth Gazette) and 22nd February, when the Inquirer‘s editor wrote, and there we are willing to leave the matter. If W N Clark is to be believed, it appears that Hogan eventually received his wages less a small amount after dropping his assault charge. Rough justice?

Sale by Auction – Malachi Hogan’s Avon District 25 acres

Provision of Malichie [sic] Hogan’s Pension [Major & Commandant Frederick Irwin’s General Orders 20th November 1844].