|NAME David GRAINGER||Name variations: Granger|
|Birth Date and Place||1816 Streatly (sic), Berkshire, England [WO25-522].|
|Baptism Date and Place|
|Marriage Date and Place||Single.|
|Occupations||Labourer (England) [WO25-522].
Skinner and Tanner [Wollaston Diaries].
|Land Acquisition in WA||1851 Loc 81, Staunton Spring, Avon District [Govt Gazette 2 Oct 1851].
1854 Lots T & W, 10 acres each Williams District – not verified [Heritage Council Place #17117].
1866 Tillage Lease, 98 mile Albany Road – not verified [Eric p.1245].
|Death Date and Place||After 1869, Williams District, Western Australia [Coate p.64].
Cause of Death: speared by native(s).
|Burial Date and Place||After 1869, Beaufort Bridge, Perth-Albany Road, Williams District [Coate p.64].|
|Death, Funeral, Obituary Notices|
|Will and Probate||None.|
|Regiment||90th Light Infantry Regiment, Perthshire Volunteers. 5 Aug 1837 transferred to
51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding, The Kings Own Light Infantry) Regiment.
|Soldier No. and Rank||Private (90th) [WO25-522].
#1092 Private (51st) [WO12-6200-124].
|Enlistment Date and Place||3 Feb 1837 Reading, Berkshire (90th) for unlimited period of service [WO25-522].
5 Aug 1837 (51st) [WO12-6200-124].
|Physical Description||Height: 5 ft. 9¼ ins. Complexion: fresh Eyes: grey Hair: dark brown [WO25-522].|
|Medals, Clasps and Badges||None.|
|Arrival Australia State: Ship and Date||Minerva. Embarked 17 May 1838, paid to 23 Sep 1838 [WO12-6200-233].
Arr. 28 Sep 1838 from Sheerness, England dep. 28 May 1838 [DPS].
|Arrival Western Australia: Ship and Date||Runnymede 25 Jun 1840 from Hobart [TROVE].|
|Military Postings within Western Australia||Pinjarrah Jun 1840 to Feb 1843.
On Command Mar to May 1843.
York Jun to Aug 1843.
HQ Perth & Garrison Duty Sep 1843 to Jan 1844.
Williamsburgh Feb to Mar 1844.
York Apr to Jun 1844.
Williamsburgh Jul 1844 to Mar 1847.
[Musters & Pay Lists WO12-6202 TO 6208].
|Discharge Date and Place||31 Mar 1847, Perth, Western Australia [WO12-6208-189].|
|Age at Discharge||31 years [deduced].|
|Length of Service||10 years service [deduced].|
|Local History Claims
In his book ‘The Williams’, H G Cowin writes: Following the advice of his brothers, David and John Grainger, who a few years previously had arrived in the Colony, Henry Grainger of the 23rd Fusiliers, decided to migrate. The three brothers had fought together at the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny and wished again to be near each other. Given the incorrect statement that David Grainger had fought in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny we must wonder how the author connected David with a John or Henry Grainger.The only John Grainger we can identify in the Colony concurrent during David’s time of arrival and settlement, is a man whom, according to various sources, was born between 1802 and 1807 in Sussex, and was a servant to Captain Thomas Bannister when they arrived on board the Atwick (1829); this John Grainger later purchased a Town Lot and lived in Fremantle. This version of the three brothers has been picked up by newspaper articles and the State Heritage Council.The Reality
In reality David Grainger joined the 90th Regiment and six months later transferred to the 51st Regiment. There were three privates in the 51st that made their way to Van Diemen’s Land from England: David, James and William Grainger. It is possible that David’s rapid transfer to the 51st is because he had a brother (or cousin) serving in that regiment. All three Grainger privates all came to the Swan River Colony between 1840 and 1844 with the 51st detachment. James and William Grainger left the Colony for Calcutta, India in 1847. William’s ultimate fate is unknown, but James left the Army with a special (invalid) pension under Royal Warrant in 1848, which he collected in London, followed by Tasmania and Melbourne until at least 1860. Meanwhile, Henry Grainger enlisted in the 23rd Fusiliers and discharged from the Army in 1860 (probably while still serving in India) after service in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. He arrived in Western Australia shortly thereafter.
The Streatley, Berkshire Connection
While David and Henry seem to have been model soldiers and industrious settlers with unblemished records, James’s Army record (seen left) is a litany of bad behaviour. He was 16 when he joined the Army and during his 23 years in uniform earned no accumulation of days for a service pension owing to his constant periods of confinement. His record includes at least five District Courts Martial in Portsmouth, Chester, Dublin, Kilkenny and Hobart Town, the charges almost always for desertion and/or drunkenness. However. he seems to have behaved himself while in the Swan River Colony.
David Grainger on Board Minerva
Private 402 William Grainger left England the following year, embarking on the convict ship Waverley in January 1839 which picked up 176 prisoners in Dublin and transported them to New South Wales, arriving at Port Jackson on 17th June, and ultimately Van Diemens Land, the Swan River Colony and India.
Skinning and Tanning at the Spring